Tom Malinowski has been the Washington advocacy director for Human Rights Watch since April 2001, and is responsible for the organization’s overall advocacy effort with the United States government. Prior to joining Human Rights Watch, he served as special assistant to President Clinton, and as senior director for foreign policy speechwriting at the National Security Council. From 1994 to 1998, he was a speechwriter for Secretaries of State Christopher and Albright and a member of the State Department Policy Planning Staff. He has also worked for the Ford Foundation and as a legislative aide to U.S. Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan. Malinowski holds degrees in Political Science from the University of California at Berkeley and Oxford University, and is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. He appears frequently as a radio, television, and op-ed commentator on U.S. human rights policy worldwide.